Applying Motivational Theory to Module PNP3002

10 Dec

According to Ryan and Deci (2000) intrinsic motivation is doing something for the pleasure that doing that actual thing gives to an individual.  They also stated that a person has the most self-motivation when they are independently doing what they want (Ryan & Deci, 2000). I found that a major motivational factor for writing blogs was being able to further investigate topics of personal choice and interest. This meant that motivation to do the blogs was highly intrinsic, compared to writing about set subjects, which may not be of personal interest. The motivation to do these would have mainly been extrinsic, which is doing the work for an outside goal, in this case a good grade.

Deci and Ryan (1985) claimed that a major indicator of intrinsic motivation is an interest in the work being done. This was also supported by Krapp (1999) who stated that when working on a task, intrinsic motivation was produced from the person being interested in the task they’re doing. Intrinsic motivation has been found to be more beneficial than extrinsic motivation, with at times, extrinsic motivation being detrimental to not only the work being done, but to future work (Benabou & Tirole, 2003).

It has also been found that intrinsic motivational factors, such as enjoying the work being done and self-efficacy, produce more knowledge sharing (Lin, 2007). Alongside this, it was found that knowledge sharing was not influenced by extrinsic rewards, such as in this case, good grades (Lin, 2007). This indicates that as well as blog writing providing higher motivation to do the work, it also provides more motivation for the blog authors to actively share the knowledge that they acquired whilst writing the blog. I found that this was true of myself and other friends who took the Emotion and Motivation module, as each of us got excited about interesting research we found that we were writing about, and told others about it. This means that whilst I learnt about things that I was interested in, I also learnt new things whilst my friends were researching.

Overall I really enjoyed writing blogs, for the above reasons, but also for the fact that I found that having my work published on the internet, and others reading it gave me more motivation to find topics which interested me the most. I also appreciate that my blog could potentially be used to show to future employees.




Benabou, R., & Tirole, J. (2003). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation. The Review of Economic Studies, 70(3), 489- 520. doi: 10.1111/1467-937X.00253

Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. London: Plenum.

Krapp, A. (1999). Interest motivation and learning: An educational-psychological perspective. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 34(1), 23-40. Retrieved from

Lin, H-F. (2007). Effects of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation on employee knowledge sharing intentions. Journal of Information Science, 33(2), 135- 149. doi: 10.1177/0165551506068174

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68- 78. doi:10.1037//0003-­‐066x.55.1.68           



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